• Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: This grade is commercially pure aluminum. It is soft and ductile with excellent workability. Ideal for applications involving intricate forming because it work-hardens more slowly than other alloys. It has the highest thermal conductivity of any aluminum alloy and its electrical conductivity is second only to the electrical conductor grade.

    Typical Applications: Kitchenware, Giftware, Decorative trim, Intricate formed parts, Chemical and food processing industry parts.

     Available products:  Flat Sheet Only

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:  *Cu – .05/.02  *Si + Fe – .95 Max. *Mn – .05 Max.* Zn – .10 Max.*Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    18,000
    17,000
    9

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    **All values are averaged values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Temper - This product can be obtained in various tempers (the most commonly used temper for this product is “H14″)  

    Typical Chemical Analysis: *Cu – 5.0/6.0 *Si – 0.4 Max. *Fe – 0.7 Max. *Zn – 0.3 Max. *Bi – 0.2/0.6 *Pb – 0.2/0.6 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    55,000
    43,000
    15

    * Ranges shown are for .750″ size and under- Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** In 2” using 1⁄2” RoundBar

     Available products:  Round Bar, Hexagon Bar
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Grade Summary: This is one of the best known of high strength aluminum alloys. With excellent strength and fatigue resistance it is used to advantage on structures and parts where a good strength-to-weight ratio is desired. It can be subsequently hardened by artificial aging.

    Typical Applications: Aircraft structural components and parts for the transportation industry.

    Available products: Round Bar, Square Bar, Rectangular Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Square Tube, Flat Sheet and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – 3.80/4.90 *Si – .50 Max. *Fe – .50 Max. *Mn – .30/.90 Max. *Mg – 1.20/1.80 Max
    • *Zn – .25 *Cr – .10 Max. *Ti – .15 Max. *Other- .15 Max. *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation ***
    Brinell Hardness
    68,000
    47,000
    20
    120

    * Ranges shown are for .750″ size and under – Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Grade Summary: This is the most widely used of all aluminum alloys. It is essentially commercially pure aluminum with the addition of Manganese which increases strength some 20% over 1100. With excellent corrosion resistance and workability it can be deep drawn or spun, welded or brazed.

    Typical Applications: Cooking utensils, kitchen equipment, decorative trim, awnings, siding, storage tanks, chemical equipment.

    Available products: Flat Sheet, Expanded Mesh Sheet, Perforated Sheet and Plate

    Note – For further details on Perforated and Expanded Mesh Sheet – Please refer to pages 190 to 210 of our online PDF Product Catalogue.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – .20 Max. *Si – .60 Max. *Fe – .70 *Zn – .10 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    22,000
    21,000
    8

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2” for .064” sheet

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    • SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    • SWO – Short Way of Opening
    • LWO – Long Way of Opening
    • STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    • RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    • FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

    Grade Summary: This is the highest strength alloy of the more common non-heat-treatable grades. Fatigue strength is higher than most aluminum alloys. Particularly good resistance to marine atmosphere and salt water corrosion. Excellent workability. It may be drawn or formed into intricate shapes and its slightly greater strength in the annealed condition minimizes tearing that  can occur in 1100 or 3003. Excellent finishing characteristics with bright, clear anodic coatings.

    Typical Applications: Wide variety from aircraft components to home appliances, marine and transportation industry parts, heavy duty cooking utensils, and equipment for bulk processing food.

    Available products: Flat Sheet and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .10 Max. *Si – .25 Max. *Fe – .40 Max. *Mn – .10 Max.
    • *Mg – .20/2.80 Max. *Zn – .10 *Cr – .15/.35 *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    33,000
    28,000
    12

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2” for .064” sheet

    Tempers: This product can be obtained in various tempers. 

    Grade Summary: This is the most versatile of the heat treatable aluminum alloys. This alloy offers a wide range of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. It is easily fabricated and has good formability. It is weld-able using all wethods including furnace brazing.

    Typical Applications: Screw machine parts, Truck bodies and frames, Running boards, Steps, Floors, Walkways, Platforms, Cover plates, Trench covers, Truck runways, Almost any structural component.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Channel, Beam, Angle, Flat Sheet, Expanded Mesh, Perforated Sheet, Plate, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube, and Rectangular Tube.

    Note – For further details on Perforated and Expanded Mesh Sheet – Please refer to pages 190 to 210 of our online PDF Product Catalogue.

    Some products may not be available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .15/.40 *Si – .40/.80 *Fe – .70 Max. *Mn – .15 Max.
    • *Mg - .80/1.2 *Zn – .25 Max. *Cr – .04/.35 *Ti – .15 Max. *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Brinell Hardness
    45,000
    40,000
    95

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** For T651 bare – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Product Notes

    -Aluminum 6061 Angles are used in Structural applications and typically have round corners. For Architectural applications  or where square corners are required, Aluminum 6063 Angles should be used.

    -All Pipe is measured in the following way: The nominal inside diameter (Inches) and the wall thickness (known as a schedule number). The Outside diameter is not provided as this product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern, which is why the inside diameter is provided (Note – the inside diameter is a nominal and not exact measurement). Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications (Round Tube should be used).

    -All Tube is measured in the following way: The outside diameter (Inches), the wall thickness (Inches) and the inside diameter (Inches). Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of any volume, such as Air, Water or Oil (Pipe should be used).

    -Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured in the following way: The outside width and height of the tube (Inches) and the wall thickness (Inches). To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice. It should be noted that Aluminum Grade 6063 Tube will typically have square corners and Aluminum Grade 6061 will have rounded corners. However, in some cases the different corners can be found in both

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    -SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    -SWO – Short Way of Opening
    -LWO – Long Way of Opening
    -STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    -RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    -FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

     

    Aluminum Channel Details:

    There are two different profiles in 6000 series Aluminum Channel ; American Standard and Aluminum Association – They are very similar in most aspects except the cross section. You will notice that the American Standard Channel has tapered legs while the Aluminum Association Channel has straight legs. Both channels are measured using similar methods – A = Base or Height, B = flange height, T1 =Web thickness and T2 = Flange thickness.  For further information, please see page 34 of the Metal Reference Guide.

    American Standard
    Aluminum Association

     

    Aluminum Pipe Details: 

    Aluminum pipe is measured by taking the following:

    -The nominal inside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Aluminum Tube Details:

    Aluminum Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The outside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)
    -The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    It should be noted that  6063 Tube will typically have square corners and 6061 will have rounded corners . In some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.

    Grade Summary:  This grade is commonly referred to as the architectural alloy. Developed as an extrusion alloy with relatively high tensile properties, excellent finish characteristics and high corrosion resistance. It is one of the  best suited alloy for  anodizing applications including hard coat anodizing for air cylinder tube.

    Typical Applications:  Moldings and Extruded Trim for stores and homes both interior and exterior, Construction tube, lawn furniture, luggage racks, air cylinders.Used extensively for anodized parts.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Channel, Angle, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube, and Rectangular Tube.
    Some items may not be available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – .10 Max. *Si – .20/.60 *Fe – .35 Max. *Mn – .10 Max.
    • *Mg – .45/.90 *Zn – .10 Max. *Cr – .10 Max. *Ti – .10 Max. * Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Brinell Hardness
    27,000
    21,000
    60

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** For T52 bare – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Product Notes: 

    -Aluminum 6063 Angles are used in Architectural applications and typically have round corners. For Structural applications or where square corners are required, Aluminum 6061 Angles should be used.

    -All Pipe is measured in the following way: The nominal inside diameter (Inches) and the wall thickness (known as a schedule number). The Outside diameter is not provided as this product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern, which is why the inside diameter is provided (Note – the inside diameter is a nominal and not exact measurement). Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications (Round Tube should be used).

    -Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured in the following way: The outside width and height of the tube (Inches) and the wall thickness (Inches). To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice. It should be noted that Aluminum Grade 6063 Tube will typically have square corners and Aluminum Grade 6061 will have rounded corners. However, in some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.

    Aluminum Pipe Details: 

    Aluminum pipe is measured by taking the following:

    -The nominal inside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Aluminum Channel Details:

    There are two different profiles in 6000 series Aluminum Channel ; American Standard and Aluminum Association – They are very similar in most aspects except the cross section. You will notice that the American Standard Channel has tapered legs while the Aluminum Association Channel has straight legs. Both channels are measured using similar methods – A = Base or Height, B = flange height, T1 =Web thickness and T2 = Flange thickness.

    American Standard
    Aluminum Association

    Aluminum Tube Details:

    Aluminum Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The outside diameter (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)
    -The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Aluminum Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    -The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    -The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    It should be noted that  6063 Tube will typically have square corners and 6061 will have rounded corners . In some cases the different corners can be found in both grades.

    Grade Summary:  This is one of the highest strength aluminum alloys available. Its strength-to-weight ratio is excellent. It is ideally suited for highly stressed aircraft parts.

    Typical Applications:  Used mostly in aircraft and transportation industries where strength is critical.  Can be used as mold material for the plastics industry.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Flat Sheet and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – 1.20/2.20 Max. *Si – .40 Max. *Fe – .50 Max. *Mn – .30 Max. *Mg – 2.10/2.90 Max
    • *Zn – 5.10/6.10 Max. *Cr – .18/.28 *Ti – .20 Max. *Other – .15 Max. *Al – Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Brinell Hardness
    83,000
    73,000
    11
    150

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary:  Also known by tradenames MIC-6 Cast, K-100 Cast, and ALCA PLUS Cast, Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate is produced from a fine-grain aluminum alloy which is free from internal stresses. This material is internally stable, which assures minimum movement during machining. Tool & Jig plate is a machined product, with flat surfaces and a surface finish equal to 32 micro-inches or better on both sides. It is readily machined with very little distortion.  Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate is used where strength is not a requirement, but minimal machining distortion along with flatness is required. This material is non-heat treatable. Cast Aluminum Tool & Jig Plate has electrical conductivity of 36% of copper.

    Typical Applications:  Assembly jigs and fixtures, welding fixtures, hydro press form blocks, drill jigs, templates, vacuum chucks, index tables, printing machinery components, automotive tooling, aircraft components, electronic components, vacuum chambers, rubber and plastic molds, prototypes, medical instrumentation, foundry patterns, food machinery components, packing machinery, CNC routing tables, circuit printers, etc. Used in aluminum non-strength applications where stability and flatness is required.

    Available products: Plate Only

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • *Cu – 1.70- 3.0 *Si – 0.05-0.15  *Fe – 0.26-1.0
    • *Mn – 0.09-0.50 *Mg – 0.9 -1.90  *Zn – 1.80-5.30  *Al – Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation ***
    Brinell Hardness
    24,000/32,000
    15,000/20,000
    3
    60-65

     

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: A chromium molybdenum alloy steel. Alloy 4130 is a widely used Aircraft Steel due to its weldability, ease of fabrication and mild harden ability. Alloy 4130 is also vacuum degassed to meet the magnetic particle inspection standards of AMS 2301.

    Typical Applications: Aircraft seating, Roll cages, Motorsport applications

     Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Round Tube and Plate.

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. *C – .28/.33 Max.  *Mn – .40/.60  *P – .035 Max.
    2. *S – .04 Max. *Si – .15/.35  *Cr – .80/1.10 *Mo – .15/.25

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    97,000
    52,000
    28
    217

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    **All values are averaged values and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Alloy Tube Details:

    Alloy Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Grade Summary:

    Oil-hardening chromium-molybdenum steel has good strength and wear resistance, excellent toughness and ductility with the ability to resist stress and creep at prolonged high temperatures (up to 1000)Also available in leaded grades that have greatly improved machinability, but should not be used in applications over elevated temperatures cause lower ductility in leaded grades.


    Typical Applications:

    Drill collars, high temperature bolts, sprockets, kelly bars, reamer bodies, rotary table shafting, oil well tool joints, spindles, stay bolts, tractor axles, tractor arms, axle shafts, valves, bolts, subs, couplings, trailer axles, winch shafts, piston rods, rams, hydraulic machinery shafts, precision lead screws, chain links, zinc die-casting dies.

    Available Products:

    Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Round Tube and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. * C – .38/.43 Max. *Mn – .75/1.00 *P – .035 Max.
    2. *S – .04 Max. *Si – .15/.35 *Cr – .80/1.10 *Mo – .15/.25

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    70,000
    60,000
    20
    200

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Ranges shown are for 4140 Annealed- All valuesare minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Alloy Tube Details:

    Alloy Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Grade Summary: This is one of the best known of high strength aluminum alloys. With excellent strength and fatigue resistance it is used to advantage on structures and parts where a good strength-to-weight ratio is desired. It can be subsequently hardened by artificial aging.

    Typical Applications: Aircraft structural components and parts for the transportation industry.

    Available products: Round Bar, Square Bar, Rectangular Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Square Tube, Flat Sheet and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    • * Cu – 3.80/4.90 *Si – .50 Max. *Fe – .50 Max. *Mn – .30/.90 Max. *Mg – 1.20/1.80 Max
    • *Zn – .25 *Cr – .10 Max. *Ti – .15 Max. *Other- .15 Max. *Al-Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation ***
    Brinell Hardness
    68,000
    47,000
    20
    120

    * Ranges shown are for .750″ size and under – Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Grade Summary: High carbon, chromium-vanadium, commercial quality alloy steel with higher strength and hardness . When heat treated, the material has excellent toughness, shock resistance, and water/abrasion resistance.

    Typical Applications: Gears, pinions, shafting, axles, machinery parts, springs, heavy duty pins, bolting, hand tools.

    Available products: Round Bar and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. * C – .48/.53 Max. *Mn – .70/.90 *P – .035 Max.
    2. *S – .04 Max. *Si – .15/.35 *Cr – .80/1.10 *V – .15 Min

    Typical Mechanical Properties**


    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Brinell Hardness
    As-Rolled
    130,000
    75,000
    20.5
    269
    Annealed
    96,000
    59,000
    23
    197

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary: Nickel imparts good toughness and ductility, chromium and molybdenum contribute increased hardness penetration and wear. They are readily carburized and the well-balanced alloy content permits hardening to produce a strong, tough core and high case hardness.

    Typical Applications: Because of the fine combination of properties that may be developed, as well as the ease with which it may be processed, this material is ideal for a wide variety of applications. Gears, pinions, oil pump piston rods and liners, spline shafts, piston pins, cams, jigs, plastic molds, oil tool slips, jaws, gauges,etc.

    Available products: Round Bar and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. * C – .18/.23 Max. *Mn – .70/.90 *P – .035 Max. *S – .04 Max.
    2. *Si – .15/.35 *Cr – .40/.60 *Mo – .15/.25 *Ni – .40/.70

    Typical Mechanical Properties**


    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongatiom
    Brinell Hardness
    As-Rolled
    97,000
    57,000
    25
    201
    Annealed
    78,000
    56,000
    31
    156

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: Brass Alloy C230 otherwise known as alloy UNS No. C23000 is generally known as Red Brass. The pipe Brass Standard applicable is ASTM B 43 – Seamless Red Brass pipe. C230 otherwise known as alloy UNS No. C23000 is generally known as Red Brass pipe.

    Typical Applications: 
    Condenser tubes, pickling crates, radiator cores, heat exchangers, flexible metal hose, fire extinguishers, pump cylinder liners, tags, tubing for heat exchangers, tubing for instrumentation, heat exchanger shells, fire hose couplings, Pump lines, pipe, service lines, J-bends, traps, pipe service lines.

    Available products: 
    Pipe Only.
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.Typical Chemical Analysis: *Cu – 84.0/86.0 *F – .05 *Pb – .05 *Zn – RemainderTypical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    70,300
    57,300
    B77

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

    Grade Summary:

    Brass C260 has been produced as a combination of copper and zinc, it has the highest ductility in the yellow brass series. It is an attractive material with a smooth, yellow brass finish and it can have a polished or brushed (satin) finish. C260 Brass can be used in corrosive enviroments. C260 Brass forms a thin protective patina ( layer ),which, unlike steel and iron, will not rust when exposed to the atmosphere. It has excellent cold workability and is used extensively in the automotive industry, also in the manufacturing of plumbing, hardware, and ammunition components.

    Typical Applications:

    Air instruments and machines, heat exchangers, pump cylinders, wire screens, pumps, liners, power cylinders, Odometer contacts, heater cores, thermostats, electrical connectors, radiator cores, radiator tube, radiator tanks, Snaps, planters, fireplace screens, etched articles, bird cages, coinage, chain links, pen/pencil, lamps, inserts and clips, syringe parts, watch parts, costume jewelry, buttons, shells – electrical sockets in the automotive industry, also in the manufacturing of plumbing, hardware, and ammunition components. pressure conveyer systems, sound proofing equipment, springs, chain, bead chain

    Available products: 
    Round Tube, Flat Sheet and Plate
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 99.4 *O – .04 *Ag – Trace

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    42,100
    36,300
    B40

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are averaged values(based on H02 / Half Hard Temper)and are representative

    Grade Summary: Brass C330 is primarily used for tubing and has a low lead content. C330 brass combines good machinability with excellent cold workability. It is fabricated by forming, bending, machining, piercing and punching.

    Typical Applications:  Power and Pump Cylinder Liners, Power and Pump Cylinders, Primers, Plumbing accessories, Pump lines, Trap lines, Plumbing brass goods, Ornamental works, Decorative rods, Hand and foot rails, Stemware and racks, Cabinet hardware.

    Available products: Round Tube Only
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 65.0/68.0 *Fe – .07 *Pb – .25/.70 *Zn – Remainder

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    65,300
    50,000
    B70

    * Chemical Analysis will vary slightly

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Grade Summary: Brass C360, is ideally suited for high-speed machining operations with its superior machinability, thread rolling and knurling characteristics. Its machinability rating of 100 is the standard against which all other copper alloys are rated It is easily soldered or brazed and has good resistance to corrosion.

    Typical Applications: Gears, Pinions, Plumbing ware fittings, Valves, and Screw machine products.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar and Hexagonal Bar

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 99.9 *P – .004/.012 *Te – .40/.70

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    47,900
    44,200
    B48

    * Chemical Analysis will vary slightly
    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

    Grade Summary: Brass C464 (Naval Brass)  is used extensively in marine construction due to its high corrosion resistance to seawater  It is known for its good strength, good rigidity/hardness  and resistance to wear, fatigue, galling and stress cracking. Also recognized for superior tensile strength, higher yield strength, good elongation, excellent thermal conductivity, good capacity for being cold worked, excellent capacity for being hot formed and excellent soldering and brazing.

    Typical Applications: Bushings, Fasteners, Light Bearings, Marine Hardware, Plumbing Fittings, Propellar Shafts, Screw Machine Parts, Seawater Valve Systems, Water Boiler Systems, Welding Rod Bearings .

    Available products: Round Bar, Flat Sheet and Plate

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 59.0/62.0 *Zn – 39.2 *Fe – .10 *Sn – .50/1.0

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    75,000
    52,900
    B82

    * Chemical Analysis will vary slightly

    ** All valuesare averagedand are representative.

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: Bronze C932 (SAE 660)  – Commonly known as Bearing Bronze, this is the most commonly used bronze in bushing and bearing applications. It easy to machine, and provides long life  span, where wear is a important factor.

     Applications: Bushings and Bearings

    Available products: Round Bar and Hollow Round Bar

    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: *Cu – 81.0/85.0 *Sn – 6.3/7.5 *Pb – 6.0/8.0 *Zn – 2.0/4.0

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    35,000
    10,000
    10
    65

    *Chemical Analysis will vary.

    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary: Bronze C954 (Aluminum Bronze) – Typically chosen due to its high strength and corrosion resistance when compared to other bronze alloys. This alloy is tarnish-resistant and corrosion resistant in atmospheric conditions, it also has low oxidation rates at high temperatures. This grade is  also resistant to corrosion in salt water.  Chosen in marine applications due to its ability in preventing colonization by marine organisms (algae, barnacles, and mussels).

    Typical Applications: Hydraulic valve parts, Pump rods, Guide pin bushings, Gibs, Slides, Bending tools, Wear plates, Screw nuts, Gear wheels, Landing gear parts, Valve seats, Pressure blocks, Machine parts.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar and Hollow Round Bar
    This item is not available online, please contact your local store for pricing and size availability.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 83.0 Min *Fe – 3.0/5.0 *Al – 10.0/11.5

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    85,000
    32,000
    12
    170

    *Chemical Analysis will vary.

    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum

  • Grade Summary:

    Grade C101 is a Oxygen Free Electronic Copper. This is a 99.99% pure copper having a 0.0005% oxygen content. This material has a minimum 101% IACS conductivity rating, and it is valued more for the chemical purity than electrical conductivity. it is finished to a final form and carefully regulated in a oxygen-free environment. The C101 Grade is one of the most expensive of the copper grades.

    Typical Applications:

    Used in engineering applicaitons.


    Available products:

    Round Bar, Square Bar, Round Tube, Flat Sheet, Plate.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Other – 0.0/0.10 *Cu – 99.9/99.99

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    43,500
    36,300
    B40

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number.

    ** All values are averaged values(based on H02 Temper)and are representative.


    Grade Summary:

    Known for its malleability and ductility, heat conductivity, and electrical conductivity. Copper alloys are generally red or pinkish in colour. Copper, ETP, Electrolytic Tough Pitch. This grade is 99.9% pure Copper and it has conductivity of 101% IACS. Due to its Conductivity, corrosion resistance, and ductility this material has a wide range of applications. Grade C110 Copper is anneal resistant and typically provided in 1/8 hard (1/8 H) or 1/4 hard (1/4 H) conditions.


    Typical Applications:

    Architecture: Skylight frames, roofing, building fronts, flashing, gutters, spouting, downspouts;

    Automotive: gaskets, radiators; Builders Hardware: butts, tacks, nails, soldering copper, rivets, cotter pins, ball floats;

    Screening, wire screening;

    Available products:

    Hexagon Bar and Round Bar

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 99.4 *O – .04 *Ag – Trace

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    42,100
    36,300
    B40

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are averaged values(based on H02 / Half Hard Temper)and are representative.

    Grade Summary: Copper Grade C 122 is the most widely used in the production of tube and pipe. This alloy forms the backbone of the refrigeration and air conditioning industries.

    Typical Applications: Plumbing, Air Conditioning & refrigeration

    Available products: Round Tube Only

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 99.9 *P – .02

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    32,000
    10,000

    * Chemical Analysis will vary slightly

    Grade Summary: Copper Grade C145 (Tellurium Copper) is used when electrical conductivity properties of copper are desired, but also machining must take place on the product. To achieve this C145 is deoxidized using phosphorus, and tellurium to improve the machinability, the end result being, that it is 85% of free-machining brass rod.

    Typical Applications: EDM electrodes, – Any parts requiring machining

    Available products: Round Bar Only

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * Cu – 99.9 *P – .004/.012 *Te – .40/.70

    Typical Mechanical Properties**

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Rockwell Hardness
    47,900
    44,200
    B48

    *Chemical Analysis will vary slightly

    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum

  • Grade Summary:

    Grade Summary: Cold Rolled C1008 Steel is produced from rimmed, capped and semi-killed steel and are intended for exposed or unexposed parts involving bending, moderate drawing or forming and welding. This material should be painted or plated to prevent rust.

    Typical Applications:

    Car Body Work, Metal Enclosures , Most Metal Fabrications.

    Available products:

    Flat Sheet, Expanded Metal Sheet and Perforated Metal Sheet

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .08 Max. *Mn – .60 Max. *P – .035 Max. *S – .04 Max

    Typical Mechanical Properties** :

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    38,000-50,000
    25,000-35,000
    35-42

    * Chemical Analysis will varyon each heat number

    ** All valuesare minimum valuesand are representative.

    *** (% in 2”)

    Product Notes:

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    • SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    • SWO – Short Way of Opening
    • LWO – Long Way of Opening
    • STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    • RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    • FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

    Grade Summary: Cold Rolled C1010 Steel is produced from rimmed, capped and semi-killed steel and are intended for exposed or unexposed parts involving bending, moderate drawing or forming and welding. This material should be painted or plated to prevent rust. Cold Rolled C1010 has a higher carbon contact that C1008 resulting in slightly harder material.  This grade of material  is commonly used in the manufacturing of electric-resistance welded (ERW) tube, it can be obtained in the as-welded condition (flash-in) or in the flash-controlled condition.

    Typical Applications: Machinery stands, Exhaust tubes, Handles, Hand rails, Display stands, Conveyor rollers, Most Metal Fabrications.

    Available products: Round Tube, Square Tube, Rectangular Tube

    Grade Summary: Cold Rolled C1010 Steel is produced from rimmed, capped and semi-killed steel and are intended for exposed or unexposed parts involving bending, moderate drawing or forming and welding. This material should be painted or plated to prevent rust. Cold Rolled C1010 has a higher carbon contect that C1008 resulting in slightly harder material.  This grade of material  is commonly used in the manufacturing of electric-resistance welded (ERW) tube, it can be obtained in the as-welded condition (flash-in) or in the flash-controlled condition.

    Typical Applications: Machinery stands, Exhaust tubes, Handles, Hand rails, Display stands, Conveyor rollers, Most Metal Fabrications.

    Available products: Round Tube, Square Tube, Rectangular Tube

    Typical Chemical Analysis: *C – .08/.13 *Mn – .30/.60 *P – .035 Max. *S – .035 Max

    Mechanical Properties**:



    Yield Strength (PSI)
    Ultimate Strength (PSI)
    Elongation****
    Cold Drawn
    60,000
    72,000
    15
    Stress Relieved/Annealed
    45,000
    58,000
    28
    Annealed
    28,000
    57,000
    50

    *Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Based on Electric Resistance TubeOnly – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    **** % In 2”

    Product Notes:

    • Best Product to telescope tubes with is DOM Steel Tubing (found under a Cold Finished or Cold Rolled category – The Grade on DOM is C1026), as it does not have a weld on the inside of the tube because the weld flash was removed; almost every other tube or pipe has a weld on the inside of the tubing. The weld will stop you from telescoping one tube into another. With DOM Steel Tubing plan to allow at least 0.010 (Inches) between the OD (outer diameter) and ID (inner diameter) that you intend to telescope. However, this still will not guarantee that your tubes will telescope. Tubing has OD (outside diameter) and ID (inside diameter) tolerances; these tolerances tend to run larger on OD’s (outer diameters) and smaller on ID’s (inside diameters). So, even if you allow 0.010 (Inches), your tube still may not telescope.

    Cold Rolled Tube Details:

    Cold Rolled Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Cold Rolled Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Cold Rolled Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    Grade Summary: C1018 is a general purpose low carbon steel with good case hardening qualities. It has a higher manganese content than certain other low carbon grades, such as 1020. Cold Rolled C1018 is better steel for carburized parts, since it produces a harder and more uniform case.  Due to size limitations of the cold drawing process, large diameter bars are generally turned and polished. the hot roll rounds usually machine turned, rather than drawn, then abrasively polished.  Due to its versatility Cold Rolled C1018 has a larger size selection than other grades.

    Typical Applications: Used for parts requiring cold forming, such as crimping, swaging or bending.Also used on carburized parts requiring soft core and high surface hardness such as king pins, gears, dogs, etc.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagon Bar and Plate.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .15/.20 *Mn – .60/.90 *P – .04 Max. *S – .05 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    64,000
    54,000
    15
    125

    *Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    **Properties based on typical 1” bar – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Grade Summary: C1018 is a general purpose low carbon steel with good case hardening qualities. It has a higher manganese content than certain other low carbon grades, such as 1020. Cold Rolled C1018 is better steel for carburized parts, since it produces a harder and more uniform case.  Due to size limitations of the cold drawing process, large diameter bars are generally turned and polished. the hot roll rounds usually machine turned, rather than drawn, then abrasively polished.  Due to its versatility Cold Rolled C1018 has a larger size selection than other grades.

    Typical Applications: Used for parts requiring cold forming, such as crimping, swaging or bending.Also used on carburized parts requiring soft core and high surface hardness such as king pins, gears, dogs, etc.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagon Bar and Plate.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .15/.20 *Mn – .60/.90 *P – .04 Max. *S – .05 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    64,000
    54,000
    15
    125

    *Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    **Properties based on typical 1” bar – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Grade Summary: Cold Rolled C1045 is a silicon killed carbon steel.  Due to the higher carbon content this grade imparts increased strength over lower carbon steels, such as 1018. It’s response to heat treatment is very good and the resulting mechanical properties which can be obtained  allow a wide  end usage of machinery parts and shafts. The C1045 grade can be hammer forged, it’s machinability is good, but the forming and welding qualities are reduced.

    Typical Applications: Gears, shafts, axles, bolts and studs, machinery parts, pinions, casters and support plates

    Available products: Round Bar, Ground Shaft and Square Bar

    Typical Chemical Analysis: C – .43/.50 *Mn – .60/.90 *P – .040 Max. *S – .050 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    82,000
    45,000
    16
    162

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Tests based on Cold Drawn Round Bar – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Product Notes:

    • Best Product to telescope tubes with is DOM Steel Tubing (found under a Cold Finished or Cold Rolled category – The Grade on DOM is C1026), as it does not have a weld on the inside of the tube because the weld flash was removed; almost every other tube or pipe has a weld on the inside of the tubing. The weld will stop you from telescoping one tube into another. With DOM Steel Tubing plan to allow at least 0.010 (Inches) between the OD (outer diameter) and ID (inner diameter) that you intend to telescope. However, this still will not guarantee that your tubes will telescope. Tubing has OD (outside diameter) and ID (inside diameter) tolerances; these tolerances tend to run larger on OD’s (outer diameters) and smaller on ID’s (inside diameters). So, even if you allow 0.010 (Inches), your tube still may not telescope.

    Cold Rolled Tube Details:

    Cold Rolled Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Grade Summary:  Grade C1141 is a medium-carbon steel with higher mechanical properties than other medium carbon steels, as well as free machining properties. It has a fine-grain structure, with high consistency and uniformity, and is high strength as-rolled. Because of the free machining properties, it is usuallly used in automatic screw machines

    Typical Applications:  Axles,Pins, Studs, Bolts, Shafts, Tie rods.

    Available products: Round Bar And Shafting

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .37/.45 *Mn – 1.35/1.65 *P – .04 Max. *S – .08-.13

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:



    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Brinell Hardness
    As Rolled
    95,000
    56,000
    25
    197
    Normalized
    97,000
    58,000
    23
    201
    Annealed
    85,000
    50,000
    26
    174

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Tests based on 1″ Round Bar – All values are averaged and are representative.

    *** % in 2”

    Grade Summary:  Grade C1144 (also known as Stressproof® )is a medium carbon-free machining steel severely cold reduced to improve mechanical properties. Its inherent strength without heat treatment is comparable to heat treated steels of equal hardness.  It is specially treated to relieve the stress created by the cold drawing, thereby minimizing the warpage after machining which is common in ordinary cold drawn bars. Stressproof ® is a registered trademark of the LaSalle Steel Co.

    Typical Applications:  Arbors, keyed shafts, spindles, gears, pinions, piston rods, sleeves, lead screws, racks, motor shafts, pump shafts, link pins, mandrels, boring bars, collets, bushings, drive shafts, armature shafts, king pins.

    Available products: Round Bar and Ground Shaft

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .40/.48 *Mn – 1.35/1.65 *P – .04 Max. *S - .24/.33

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    115,000
    100,000
    8
    250

     

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Tests based on 1″ Cold Drawn Round Bar – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    Grade Summary:  Cold Rolled C12L14 is essentially a resulfurized, rephosphorized screw stock with lead added. The addition of lead along with the high sulphur and phosphorous levels, create a lubricating effect,  resulting in extremely fast machining rates.  Cold Rolled C12L14 provides a smooth, machined surface and its low friction component prolongs tool life .

    Typical Applications: Bushings, inserts, couplings, hydraulic hose fittings.

    Available products: Round Bar, Square Bar and Hexagonal Bar

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .15 Max. *Mn – .85/1.15 *P – .04/.09 *S – .26/.35 *Pb - .15/.35

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    78,000
    60,000
    15
    163

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Tests based on 1″ Cold Drawn Round Bar – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary:  Cold Rolled steel sheets are hot dip coated with a durable protective coating of zinc. This material is intended for uses where corrosion is a consideration and where simple bending or moderate forming is involved. They may be bent flat upon themselves (within accepted bend radii)  in any direction at room temperature without cracking. Typically this material is provided with a G:90 (or Z275) coating,  but it is can be available with a G:60 (or Z180) coating .

    Points to Remember:  With Galvanize coated steels, contact with lead or copper must be avoided (including products containing lead or copper such as  pressure treated lumber) as it can result in accelerated corrosion. In addition, Galvanize coated steels are not recommended (or require additional zinc coatings and/or paint to limit corrosion) for applications near seawater (chlorides accelerate corrosion) or other harsh corrosive environments which have heavy exposure to corrosive chemicals (such as  caustic soda, ammonia, lime, hydrochloric  acid, nitric acid, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric  acid, sulfur dioxide), or excessive water  contact with wet materials or standing water.

    For all outdoor applications  where the Galvanzed material is bare and not painted  a minimum G:90 (Z275)is recommended, and for additional protection in corrosive or polluted environments , heavier coated  products should be considered.

    For end uses where the product is painted and a smooth finish is desired, Galvanealed material or Satincoat Steel  (A40) should be used. This steel is dull gray in appearance, has no spangle, and is well suited to painting. Common uses include the manufacture of fireplaces, trailers, signs, and housings. This material should not be utilized in a outside enviroment without additional protective measures being taken (such as painting).

    Typical Applications:  Ducting,  Air Conditioning & Refrigeration , Any application were additional corrosion resistance is required.

    Available products:  Flat Sheet only

    topchart

    The most common coating thickness used for Galvanized (other than for automotive applications) is the G:90 category. Additional coating weights could be available .

    bottomchart

    The most common coating thickness used for Galvannealed (other than for automotive applications) is the A40 category. Additional coating weights could be available. Galvannealed Sheet is designed to be painted, these coating weights provide the necessary corrosion resistance for most painted-product applications. A40 is often preferred over A60 because the amount of powdering (actual loss of coating) that occurs during forming is significantly less and, after painting, the corrosion resistance is quite good.

    Typical Chemical Analysis (Cold Rolled Substrate only): * C – .08 Max. *Mn – .60 Max. *P – .035 Max. *S – .04 Max

    Typical Mechanical Properties** :

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    38,000-50,000
    25,000-35,000
    35-42

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum and are representative.

    *** (% in 2”).

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: A Chromium-nickel stainless steel with added  sulfur or selenium and phosphorus to improve machinability and non-seizing properties. It is the most free machining of the chromium-nickel grades. Non-magnetic in the annealed condition

    Typical Applications: Aircraft parts and parts requiring machining, grinding or polishing with good corrosion resistance. Excellent for moving parts and where low magnetic permeability is required.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar and Hexagonal Bar

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    303 (Sulfur):

    1. *C – .15 *Mn – 2.00 Max *P.15 Max *S.15 Max *Si – 1.00 Max
    2. *Cr – 17.00/19.00*Ni – 8.00/10.00 *Cu – .75 Max *Mo – .75 Max

    303 (Selenium ):

    1. *C – .15 Max *Mn – 2.00 Max *P.17 Max *S.04 Max *Se – .15/.40
    2. *Si – 1.00 Max *Cr – 17.00/19.00 *Ni – 8.00/10.00 *Cu – .75 Max *Mo – .75 Max

    Typical Mechanical Properties** :

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    90,000
    35,000
    50

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are averaged and are representative.

    *** (% in 2”).

    Grade Summary: Excellent mechanical properties, resistance to many corrosive agents. Useful where sanitation and cleanliness are important. Non magnetic in the annealed condition. Hardness and tensile strength can be increased by cold working, but modified by lowered carbon content providing good resistance to corrosion in welded construction where subsequent heat treatment is not practical. Grade 304L (L= low carbon)  is  the same as the above exept it has an extra-low-carbon analysis, the advantage of which is that it precludes any harmful precipitation in the 800º F to 1500º F range, such as might otherwise occur in welding heavier sections.

    Typical Applications:  Dairy, beverage and food product handling/processing equipment. Used for handling acetic, nitric, and citric acids; organic and inorganic chemicals, dye stuff, crude and refined oils; instruments; hospital equipment; applications requiring welding.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Channel, Beam, Angle, Flat Sheet, Expanded Mesh, Perforated Sheet, Plate , Floor Plate, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube and Rectangular Tube

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .08 Max. *Mn – 2.00 Max. *P – .04 Max. *S – .03 Max. *Si – 1.0 Max. *Cr – 18.00/20.00 *Ni – 8.00/10.50 *Cu – .75 Max. *Mo – .75 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    Brinell Hardness
    90,000
    40,000
    50
    163

    *Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are average and are representative.

    *** % In 2”

    Product Notes:

    • Stainless 304 sheet can come in 3 different finishes (subject to availability):  2B Mill Finish – A matt grey finish – Used on applications where surface finish is not a concern / #4 Finish – A brushed finish – Similar to the finish seen on large Stainless kitchen appliances / #8 Finish – A mirror finish – Highly polished finish with high reflect ability – Please note – The #4 and #8 finishes are one side only (reverse 2B finish) and have a removable plastic coating, protecting the finish.

    Stainless Pipe Details: 

    Stainless pipe is measured by taking the following:

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Stainless Round Tube Details:

    Stainless Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Stainless Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Stainless Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    Expanded Mesh Terms:

    • SWD – Nominal dimensions, Short Way of Design – LWD – Nominal dimension, Long Way of Design
    • SWO – Short Way of Opening
    • LWO – Long Way of Opening
    • STRAND THICKNESS – Gauge thickness of the base metal – STRAND WIDTH – Amount of metal fed under dies to produce one strand.
    • RAISED (abbreviated R) – Expanded metal as it comes from the press. The strands and bonds are set at a uniform angle to the plane of the sheet. This gives added stength and rigidity, as well as a skid-resistant surface.
    • FLATTENED (abbreviated F) – Expanded metal that has been cold-rolled after expansion,to provide a smooth, flat and level sheet. The flattening process reduces the original gauge of the base metal and the strand width increases slightly. Some of the heavier expanded metals cannot be flattened.

    aluminum-3003-meshsheet

    Note – For further details on Perforated and Expanded Mesh Sheet – Please refer to pages 190 to 210 of our online Metal Reference Guide.

    Grade Summary: Grade 316 is a standard molybdenum-bearing grade, the second most commonly sought after grade next to grade 304 amongst the austenitic stainless steels. The molybdenum gives 316 better overall corrosion resistant properties than Grade 304, particularly higher resistance in chloride environments. Grade 316L (L= low carbon) )  is  the same as the above except it has an extra-low-carbon analysis, the advantage of which is that it precludes any harmful precipitation in the 800º F to 1500º F range that might result from welding heavier sections. Therefore 316L is extensively used in heavy gauge welded components. Typically there is no price difference between 316 and 316L stainless steel.

    Typical Applications: Pump shafts and parts in machinery used to process paper, textiles, chemicals  and pharmaceuticals. In aircraft applications, used for parts requiring low magnetic permeability and good corrosion resistance.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar, Hexagonal Bar, Angle, Flat Sheet, Plate , Floor Plate, Pipe, Round Tube, Square Tube and Rectangular Tube

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. * C – .08 Max. *Mn – 2.00 Max. *P – .04 Max. *S – .03 Max. *Si - 1.0 Max.
    2. *Cr – 16.00/18.00 *Ni – 10.00 – 14.00 *Cu – .75 Max. *Mo – 2.00/3.00 Max. *N – .10 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:



    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Cold Finish
    (under 1⁄2” dia)
    90-125,000
    45,000 Min.
    35 Min.
    Cold Finish
    (over 1⁄2” dia)
    75,000 Min.
    30,000 Min.
    35 Min.
    Hot Rolled

    75-115,000
    30,000 Min.
    40Min

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** % in 2″

    Product Notes:

    • Stainless 316 sheet can come in 3 different finishes (subject to availability):  2B Mill Finish – A matt grey finish – Used on applications where surface finish is not a concern / #4 Finish – A brushed finish – Similar to the finish seen on large Stainless kitchen appliances / #8 Finish – A mirror finish – Highly polished finish with high reflect ability – Please note – The #4 and #8 finishes are one side only (reverse 2B finish) and have a removable plastic coating, protecting the finish.

    Stainless Pipe Details: 

    Stainless pipe is measured by taking the following:

    The Outside diameter is not provided as a common measurement as the product is designed with the movement of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil and the flow rate is the primary concern. The inside diameter  provided is a nominal number not an exact measurement.

    Pipe products are typically not used in structural applications – Round Tube is used instead.

    Stainless Round Tube Details:

    Stainless Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Stainless Square and Rectangular Tube Details:

    Stainless Square and Rectangular Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The size of the outside of the  tube (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)

    To determine the approximate inside dimension – deduct the wall thickness from the outside dimension twice.

    Grade Summary: A Chromium grade of stainless steel with phosphorous and sulfur added to improve machinability. Most readily machinable of the stainless grades. It is magnetic in all conditions and capable of a wide range of mechanical properties by heat treating. This grade is available in precision-ground pump shafting.

    Typical Applications: Pump shafts and parts in machinery used in or around fresh water, food acids, and neutral and basic salts.

    Available products: Round Bar and Hexagonal Bar

    Typical Chemical Analysis:

    1. * C – .15 Max. *Mn – 1.25 Max. *P – .06 Max. *S – .15/.40 Max.
    2. *Si – 1.0 Max. *Cr – 12.00/13.50 *Ni – .75 *Cu – .50 Max. *Mo – .60 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:



    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Cold Finish
    (under 1⁄2” dia)
    90-125,000
    45,000 Min.
    35 Min.
    Cold Finish
    (over 1⁄2” dia)
    75,000 Min.
    30,000 Min.
    35 Min.
    Hot Rolled

    75-115,000
    30,000 Min.
    40Min

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.


    *** % in 2″

    Grade Summary: Grade 17-4 PH is a chromium-nickel grade of stainless that may be hardened by a single low temperature precipitation-hardening heat treatment. It has excellent mechanical properties and a high strength level may be obtained by using the hardening  treatment.  Scaling and distortion is minimized.  Grade 17-4 PH should not be used in the solution treated condition.  The strength and corrosion resistance properties of 17-4 hold up well  and it  has service temperatures up to 800° F. The fabrication techniques for this steel is similar to those established for the regular stainless grades. 17-4 machines well, has excellent welding characteristics, and forges easily.

    Typical Applications: Aircraft and gas turbines, nuclear reactors, paper mills, oil field industry, and chemical process components.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar and Plate.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: *C – .07 *Mn – 1.0 *Si – 1.0 *Cr – 15.0/17.5 *Ni – 3.0/5.0 *Cu – 3.0/5.0 *P – .04 *S – .04

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    160,000
    45,000
    5

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are averaged and are representative – Based on Annealed

    *** % in 2”

    Grade Summary: Grade 440C is a high carbon chromium stainless steel, capable of developing high hardness  (the highest hardness of the stainless steels) and high mechanical properties using conventional heat treating methods. Grade 440C exhibits better corrosion resistance in a hardened condition. This grade has excellent resistance to wear and abrasion and it is magnetic in all conditions.

    Typical Applications: Bearings, Nozzles, Pump parts , Mold inserts, Knives, Surgical tools.

    Available products: Round Bar, Rectangular Bar, Square Bar and Plate.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .95/1.2 *Cr – 16.0/18.0 *Mn – 1.0 *P – .04 Max. *S – .03

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Brinell Hardness
    110,000
    65,000
    14

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number
    ** All values averaged and are representative.

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum
  • Grade Summary: A2 is a 1% carbon, 5% chrome, air-hardening tool steel. A2 is known as a versatile, general purpose grade and has better resistance to abrasion and wear than the “S” series shock resisting tool steels and more toughness and impact strength than the “D” series wear steels. It is used for a wide range of tooling applications ranging from general purpose punches and dies to components for plastic injection molding. When properly annealed, A2 has a machinability rating of 60 as compared with a 1% Carbon Steel rated at 100. When air quenched from the proper hardening temperature, this

    grade can be expected to expand approximately .001 in. per in. Note: Distortion (bending, bowing and twisting) as well as part geometry can add to the variations in movement of a part being hardened.

    Thermal Cycling: To avoid decarburization, this grade should be annealed and/or hardened in a controlled neutral atmosphere, vacuum or neutral salt furnace environment.

    1.  Anneal: Heat to 1650° F. Soak two hours per inch of thickness. Cool 40° F per hour to 900° F. Air cool to room temperature.

    2.  Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1200° to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Slow cool (furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.

    3.  Hardening:

    • Preheat: Heat to 1200° F. Hold at this temperature until thoroughly soaked.
    • Harden: Heat to 1750° to 1800° F. Soak at heat for 45 to 60 minutes per inch of greatest thickness.
    • Quench: Air quench to 150° F. Temper immediately.
    • Temper: Double temper is mandatory. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Slow cool to room temperature between tempers.
    Temper° F
    As-quenched
    400
    500
    600
    800
    Rockwell “C”
    64
    60
    56
    56
    56
    Temper° F
    900°
    1000°
    1100°
    1200°
    1300°
    Rockwell “C”
    56
    56
    50
    43
    34

     

    Specimens 1” diameter were quenched from 1775° F.

    4. Stress Relief Temper: A stress relief temper for hardened material is strongly recommended after significant grinding, or welding, or EDM. Select a temperature that is 25°or 50° F lower than the last tempering temperature used.

    Typical Applications:  See – Tool Steel Selector Guide (Above)

    Available products: Round Bar, Drill Rod, Rectangular Bar, Ground Flat Bar, Square Bar and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – 1.00 *Mo – 1.00 *Cr – 5.0 *V – .20

    * Chemical Analysis will vary.

    Grade Summary: D2 is a high carbon, high chromium, air-hardening tool steel. It was formulated to combine excellent abrasion resistance and air-hardening characteristics and has become the tool and die standard against which other tool steels are measured for abrasion resistance, dimensional stability in hardening and air-hardening characteristics. When properly annealed, D2 has a machinability rating of 45 as compared to a 1% Carbon Steel rated at 100.

    D2 has the minimum distortion in heat treatment as compared to other tool steels. When air quenched from the proper hardening temperature, this

    grade can be expected to expand or contract approximately .0005 in. per in. Note: Distortion (bending, bowing and twisting) as well as part geometry can add to the variations in movement of a part being hardened.

    Thermal Cycling: In order to avoid decarburization, this grade should be annealed and/or hardened in a controlled neutral atmosphere, vacuum or neutral salt furnace environment.

    1. Anneal: Heat to 1650° F. Soak one and one-half hours per inch of thickness. Cool 20° F per hour to 900° F. Cool in furnace to room temperature.

    2. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1200° to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per in. of thickness at heat. Soak, slow cool (furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.

    3. Hardening:

    • Preheat: Heat to 1250° F. Hold at this temperature until thoroughly soaked.
    • Harden: Heat to 1850° F. Soak at heat for 45 to 60 minutes per inch of thickness. Soak sufficiently long enough to get all of the alloying elements into solid solution during the austenitizing cycle. Proper response to heat treatment will depend on this. Therefore, for items under one inch in thickness, soaking time should be 45 to 60 minutes minimum.
    • Quench: Air quench to 150° F. Temper immediately.
    • Temper: Double tempering is mandatory, three tempers are sometimes preferred. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Air cool to room temperature between tempers. Double temper at the range of secondary hardness (900° to 960° F) strongly recommended.
    Temper° F
    As-quenched
    400
    500
    600
    Rockwell “C”
    64
    60
    58
    58
     Temper° F
    800°
    900/960°
    1000°
    1100°
    Rockwell “C”
    57
    58/60
    56
    48

    Specimens were air quenched from 1850° F.
    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – 1.55 *Mo – .80 *Cr – 11.50 *V – .90
    * Chemical Analysis will vary.

    Grade Summary: H-13 is a chromium, molybdenum, vanadium hot work tool steel which is has high hardenability and excellent toughness, this is due to the fact that the material contains  molybdenum and vanadium which are strengthening agents. The chromium content  of H-13 resists softening when at high temperatures. H-13 has a good combination of shock and abrasion resistance, and good red hardness.  This material can withstand rapid cooling and it resists premature heat checking. H-13 has good machinability, weldability and good ductility.

    1. Forging: Heating for forging has to be done slowly and uniformly. Soak through at 1900°-2000°F reheat as needed, stopping work if the temperature drops below 1650°F. After forging, cool slowly in lime, mica, dry ashes or furnace. Always anneal H-13 after forging.

    2. Anneal: Heat slowly to 1550°-1650°F, hold temperature until the  entire mass is heated through, then cool slowly in the furnace (40°F per hour) to about 1000°F, after this the cooling rate can be increased. Suitable precautions must be taken to prevent excessive carburization or decarburization.

    3. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: When desirable to relieve the strains of machining, heat slowly to 1050°-1250°F, allow to equalize, then cool in air.

    4. Hardening:

    • Preheat: Warm slightly before charging into the preheat furnace (the furnace should be operating at 1400°-1500°F).
    • Harden: H13 steel has very high hardenability and should be hardened by cooling in air. Use a salt bath or controlled atmosphere furnace to minimize decarburization, or alternatively (if not available) pack hardening in spent pitch coke . The temperature used is typically 1800°-1850°F, depending on size.
    • Quench: Quench in still air or dry air blast. If complicated forms are involved, an oil quench could be used. Quench part in oil and remove from bath when it just loses its color (1000°-1100°F). Finish cooling to below 150°-125°F in air, temper immediately.
    • Temper: Tempering may vary with size and end use; usually performed in the range of maximum secondary hardness or higher. Double tempering is recommended.
    Temper° F
    As-quenched
    1000
    1050
    1100
    Rockwell “C”
    48/50
    50/52
    47/49 
    46/48

    Specimens were air quenched from 1800°F and tempered for 4 hours at differing temperatures

    Typical Applications: See – Tool Steel Selector Guide (Above)

    Available products: Round Bar and Plate (Note* All Rounds +.015/+.035″ oversized – H13 is not produced in bar stock and is usually sawn from plate or block).

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .32/.45 *Mo – 1.1/1.75 *P – .03 *S – .03 Max. *Si – .80/1.2 *Mg - .2/.5 *V – .8/1.2

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    Grade Summary: O1 Tool Steel is a general purpose oil-hardening tool and die steel. Normal care in heat treatment gives good results in hardening and produces small dimensional changes. O1 has good abrasion resistance and sufficient toughness for a wide variety of tool and die applications. When properly annealed, O1 has a machinability rating of 90 when compared to a 1% Carbon Steel rated at 100. When oil quenched from the proper hardening temperature, this grade can be expected to expand approximately .0015 in. per in. Note: Distortion (bending, bowing and twisting) and part geometry can add to the variations in movement of a part being hardened.

    Thermal Cycling: In order to avoid decarburization, this grade should be annealed and/or hardened in a controlled neutral atmosphere, vacuum, or neutral salt furnace.

    1. Anneal: Heat slowly to 1450° F, soak thoroughly. Cool 25° F per hour to 900° F. Air cool to room temperature. Approximate annealed hardness, 221 Maximum Brinell.

    2. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Slow cool (furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.

    3. Hardening:

    • Preheat: Heat to 1200° F, and hold at this temperature until thoroughly soaked.
    • Hardening: Heat to 1475° to 1500° F. Soak at heat for 30 minutes per inch of thickness.
    • Quench: Oil quench to 150° to 200° F. Temper immediately.
    • Temper: Normally oil hardening steels need to be single tempered only. However, double tempering may sometimes be preferred. Soak at heat for 2 hours per inch of thickness for each temper. Air cool to room temperature between tempers. The normal tempering range for this grade is 300o to 450° F.
    Temper° F
    As-quenched
    350
    400
    500
    600
    Rockwell “C”
    64/65
    62/63
    62
    60
    57
     Temper° F
    700°
    800°
    1000°
    1000°
    1100°
    Rockwell “C”
    53
    50
    44
    44
    39

    1” diameter specimens, oil quenched from 1475° F.

    4. Stress Relief Temper: A stress relief temper for hardened material is strongly recommended after significant grinding, or welding, or EDM. Select a temperature that is 25° or 50° F lower than the last tempering temperature used.

    Typical Applications: See – Tool Steel Selector Guide (Above)

    Available products: Round Bar, Drill Rod and Ground Flat Bar.

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .90 *Mn – 1.20 *W – .50 *Si – .25 *Cr – .50 *V – .20

    * Chemical Analysis will vary.

    Grade Summary: S7 is a shock resisting tool steel with excellent toughness, high strength and medium wear resistance.  Due to its  maximum shock resistance and high compression strength, it has good deformation resistance  and retains good toughness during use. this grade can be machine easily in the annealed condition and it can be heat treated. When quenched in air this material exhibits minimal distortion on hardening. S7 has medium hot work characteristics, making it a tool steel  used for both cold and warm shock applications, as well as molds that require high hardness.

    1. Forging: Preheat 1200°-1300°F. Forge at 2000°-2050°F. Stop at 1700°F and cool slowly.

    2. Anneal: Heat slowly to 1500°-1550°F, cool slowly to 1000°F, air cool. Brinell 197 max.

    3. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: When desirable to relieve the strains of machining, heat slowly to 1050°-1250°F, allow to equalize, then cool in air.

    4. Hardening:

    • Preheat: Warm slightly before charging into the preheat furnace 1200°-1300°F, prior to hardening.
    • Harden: 1750°F. Quench in air if cross section is 2-1/2″ or smaller; sections 2-1/2″ to 6″ should be oil quenched to black (1000°F) followed by air cooling to 150°F. Larger cross sections should be oil quenched to 150°F.
    • Quench: Quench in still air or dry air blast.
    • Temper: Double temper one hour per inch of section thickness to desired heating rate of 2 hours per inch. Cool in air to room temperature between the two tempers. Suggested: Cold working applications 400°-500°F. Hot working applications 900°-1000°F.

    Typical Applications: See – Tool Steel Selector Guide (Above)

    Available products: Round Bar, Drill Rod, Rectangular Bar, Ground Flat Bar, Square Bar and Plate

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .50 *Mn – .70 *Mo – 1.4 *Si – .25 *Cr – 3.25 *V – .20

    * Chemical Analysis will vary.

    Grade Summary: W1 Water Hardening is a cold work tool steel. This steel grade depends on its relatively high carbon content for its useful properties. It’s known for its easy machining characteristic, ability to develop a keen cutting edge, high surface case hardness, and its soft, ductile, inner core. When properly annealed, W1 has a machinability rating of 100 when compared to a 1% Carbon Steel rated at 100. When water quenched from the proper hardening temperature, this grade can be expected to expand approximately .002 to .004 in. per in. Note: Distortion (bending, bowing and twisting) as well as part geometry can add to the variations in movement of a part being hardened.

    Thermal Cycling: In order to avoid decarburization, this grade should be annealed and/or hardened in a controlled neutral atmosphere, vacuum, or neutral salt furnace environment.

    1. Anneal: Heat to 1375° to 1400° F, soak until uniformly heated, approximately., one half hour per inch. Furnace cool 50° F per hour to 975° F, air cool to room temperature. Approximate annealed hardness 200 Max. Brinell.

    2. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1200o to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Soak, slow cool (furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.

    3. Hardening:

    1. Preheat: Heat to 1200° F, hold at this temperature until thoroughly soaked.
    2. Harden: Heat to 1425o to 1475° F. Soak at heat for 30 minutes per inch of thickness. Temperatures on the high side of the range will increase the depth of the case.
    3. Quench: This material may be water quenched, but brine quenching is preferred. Water or brine quench to 150o to 200° F. Oil quenching is sometimes used for light sections and where maximum hardness is not required.
    4. Temper: Normally water hardening steels need be single tempered only. However, double tempering may sometimes be preferred. Soak at heat for two hours per inch of thickness for each temper. Air cool to room temperature between tempers.
    Water Quenched
    (from ° F)

    1450
    1450
    1450
    1450
    1450
    Depth of Chill
    (64ths)

    8.5
    8.5
    8.5
    8.5
    8.5
     Tempering
    (Temperature ° F)

    As-quenched
    300° 
    400° 
    500° 
    600° 
    Rockwell “C”
    Hardness

    67
    64
    64
    59
    55

    3/4” diameter specimens, three inches long were tested.

    Typical Applications: See – Tool Steel Selector Guide (Above)

    Available products: Drill Rod Only

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .50 *Mn – .70 *Mo – 1.4 *Si – .25 *Cr – 3.25 *V – .20

    * Chemical Analysis will vary.

  • Consumer Guides - Aluminum

  • Grade Summary:

    ASTM A36 is is the most commonly available of the hot-rolled steels which has good overall mechanical properties,is easily fabricated and may be formed hot or cold. Due to the hot roll process the surface on this steel will be rough when compared to cold rolled. ASTM A36 yield strength is also significantly less than C1018 – meaning that it will bend much more quickly than C1018 , also it is more difficult to machine than C1018


    Typical Applications:

    Trailers, Walkways, Ramps, Structural support,general fabrication

    Available products:

    Round Bar,Rectangular Bar, Square Bar,Angle, Channel, Beam and Plate
    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .27 Max. *Mn – .60/.90 *P – .04 Max. *S – .05 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties** :

    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation***
    45,000 Min
    36,000 Min
    23

    * Tests based on 1/2” RoundBar – Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** All values are minimum values and are representative.

    *** (% in 2”)

    Grade Summary: Grade C1010 is used in the manufacturing of Electric-Resistance Welded (ERW) tube. Typically available in  Cold Rolled strip (16 gauge and lighter), and Hot Rolled strip (.083” wall and heavier). This product can be obtained in the as-welded condition (flash-in) or in the flash-controlled condition.

    Typical Applications: Machinery stands, exhaust tubes, handles, hand rails, display stands, conveyor rollers.

    Available products: Round Tube Only

    Typical Chemical Analysis: *C – .08/.13 *Mn – .30/.60 *P – .035 Max. *S – .035 Max

    Mechanical Properties**:

    Yield Strength (PSI)
    Ultimate Strength (PSI)
    Elongation****
    24,000
    43,000
    28

    *Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Based on Electric Resistance Tube Only – All values are minimum values and are representative.

    **** % In 2”

    Hot Rolled Round Tube Details:

    Stainless Tube is measured by taking the following:

    • The outside diameter (inches)
    • The wall thickness (inches)
    • The inside diameter (inches)

    Tube products are used in structural applications – This product is not used for the movement of of a volume, such as Air, Water or Oil

    Grade Summary: The grades C1018 &1020 are low carbon steel grades  having a higher manganese content than mild steel and various other low carbon steels. Higher manganese makes this a better steel for carburized parts since it produces a harder and more uniform case. It also has higher mechanical properties, including Brinell Hardness, and better machining characteristics. Special manufacturing controls result in a quality product suitable for applications involving forging, heat treating, cold drawing, machining, etc.

    Typical Applications: Gears, pinions, worms, king pins, chain pins, ratchets, dogs, oil tool slips and liners, studs, anchor pins, special bolts, tie rods. Any carburized parts requiring hard surface and soft core

    Available products: Round Bar Only

    Typical Chemical Analysis: * C – .15/.20 *Mn – .60/.90 *P – .04 Max. *S – .05 Max.

    Typical Mechanical Properties**:



    Tensile Strength (PSI)
    Yield Point (PSI)
    Elongation
    Brinell Hardness
    As Rolled
    67,000
    45,000
    36
    137
    Normalized
    66,000
    43,000
    37
    137
    Annealed
    60,000
    40,000
    38
    121

    * Chemical Analysis will vary on each heat number

    ** Properties based on typical 1” bar – All values are averaged and are representative.

    *** % in 2″